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Kendriya Vidyalaya Port Trust, Kochi

Career Options After 12th

One of the most important decisions in the life of a young person is to choose an Educational Programme that leads to a Career or Profession. After plus Two, one finds that he or she is at a turning point in life. Where to go? Well, for the young people today there are scores of career options to choose from. Here a few options are listed.

Accounting: Accounting is largely the understanding, tracking, and reviewing of how the financial side of a business or businesses work.
As an accountant, you will often find yourself involved in, and responsible for, ensuring the proper documentation, tracking, and analyzing of financial matters related to the overall financial operations of an organization.
Courses in financial accounting can be of graduation level which takes 3 years to complete or it can be a master’s degree program that takes 2 years. Some other accounting diplomas are also there. Shri Ram College of Commerce, University of Delhi; St. Xavier’s College; Goenka College of Commerce and Business Administration are the best accounting colleges in India courses that can cater to the needs of various industries and provide employment opportunities to the youth.

Acting: Acting is synonymous with glitz, glamour and fame. If you are an imaginative person, a keen observer of human psyche and sensitive to the events around you then you fit the bill to be an actor. Good scope of acting courses is available in telefilms, mega serials, reality shows, game shows and countdown shows. There are a good number of institutes in various parts of India, which offer acting courses.

Advertising media: Mostly, advertising agencies work on behalf of those who want to advertise their products. An advertising agency understands what their client wants to communicate, develop campaigns and brings it to the target audience.
While copywriting is the process of writing the words to promote a product, storyboard gives a visual representation of the flow of the advertisement. Advertising course attracts many and it is quite a hit among the students when it comes to choosing a viable career course.
If you want to project a particular image for your organization and product or if you want to pass on a particular message, like national unity, brotherhood, or donate blood, etc., you should take help of a good advertising agency for excellent results.

Agriculture: Careers in agriculture also exist in research institutes, laboratories and soil conservation bodies. Candidates with a degree in agriculture are in great demand in the primary economic sector which includes farming, plantations, fisheries, mining, cattle rearing and poultry farming.
India is one of the leading agricultural countries in the world. Agriculture plays an important role in driving the state of Indian economy. Agriculture is the mainstay of our economy. It provides food to millions and raw material for our industries. India also has enormous potential as an exporter of agricultural commodities.
Students with an agricultural degree learn better methods in growing cash crops like jute, sugar cane, tea and tobacco. Sugar cane and tea though strictly food items, are treated as cash crops as they are exported for revenue. Qualified agriculturists are offered lucrative opportunities in tea gardens, rubber plantations, and fruit orchards and organized vegetable farms.

Air Hostess: The job of an Air Hostess has always inspired much interest among young girls owing to the glamour attached to the profession. Also the prospect of flying to different parts of the world has further enhanced the popularity of Air Hostess jobs among many high school pass-outs as well as fresh graduates.
The air hostess (also referred to as cabin crew), are the first people to welcome passengers aboard an aircraft. They welcome and greet every passenger. They help them to supervise their seating arrangements and help them in arranging their hand baggage in the proper manner. Once all the passengers have come in they set about ensuring the safety-belt arrangements and demonstrate the use of emergency equipment. They make the necessary announcements over the public address system. Their duties and responsibilities start much before the arrival of the passengers by checking that blankets, pillows, magazines, newspapers, etc are in good order in their proper places.
At present there are an increasing number of institutes that offer Air Hostess Training Courses. These are generally extensive courses that focus on areas such as Self Development, Personal Grooming and Fitness and Effective Communication Skills. Introduction to Operational Training are also important part of the Air Hostess Training Courses offered by various institutes.

Architecture: Architecture of a country epitomizes its cultural ethos. It is the architect who is entrusted with the gigantic responsibility of planning and designing a town and its buildings meant for public utility in consonance with a number of factors like changing outlook of a society, rules and regulations passed by the government, availability of space and building materials and the financial status of the state concerned. For those willing to try their luck in such a profession which is not only profitable but also promising, here are some appropriate information. There are several institutes that offer architecture courses in India.
Architects are also called upon to prepare land surveys, evaluate lands and buildings for insurance, mortgage or transfer purposes. They may give technical advice to plan, improve or beautify landscapes (that is the field of landscape architecture), highways, entire towns, estates, historical monuments, etc.

Astronomy: Careers in astronomy have always attracted the most brilliant students who show exceptional proficiency in physics and mathematics. Jobs in astronomy are among the most prized and revered ones. Only the best brains get to study this subject and thereafter create an opportunity for themselves in the most coveted institutes and organizations.
Astronomy Courses in India are among the most specialized study programs offered by various universities and technological institutes. Astronomical science has fascinated scientists since ancient times.

Audio Visual Media: The term audio-visual (AV) may refer to works with both sound and visual component, the production or use of such works, or the equipment involved in presenting such works. Films and television programs are examples of audio-visual presentations.

A course in Audio Visual Media includes among others, film making, journalism, brand promotion, media promotion and planning, media studies and even photography. If you have a burning zeal to showcase your creative prowess along with your communication skills through a lens based media, then Audio Visual Media Course is your domain.
By pursuing a course in Audio Visual Media studies one can gain a high degree of competency in filmmaking, screenplay writing, editing, journalism, documentary film making and many other interesting and potentially challenging fields of study. The era of globalization and consumerism is creating a huge demand for professionals in the audio visual media. Therefore, the course prepares an individual on both the theoretical and practical aspects of this field of study and enables him to make a career out of it.

Banking: Banking has emerged as one of the most challenging sectors in the country. Openings are available at various levels, from Bank Clerical to Probationary Officers (PO). There is great job security and the salary is very good, besides the perquisites of loans for employees. It is a lucrative career: till recently careers existed only in nationalised banks, but with liberalisation, a host of private banks have been set up. As a result, demand for trained professionals has increased substantially. The private banks offer better salaries but then the job security is also less.

Beautician: This profession offers excellent scope for entrepreneurship. Beauticians may practice their skills in skin care, hair care, hair dressing, cosmetology, etc all at the same time, or specialize in one of these areas. Eventually, they can evolve their own formulations for skin care, hair care, etc. and market them to their clients.
Personal qualities include a pleasing and well-groomed personality, gentleness, dexterity, an eye for fashion, readiness to work with your hands, loads of stamina and a strong back (you may have to stand for long hours at a stretch), conversational ease and the knack of making your clients feel special and comfortable.Today, cosmetology is a booming business and most of the youth of today; especially women aspire to carve out a niche for themselves in the beauty business.

Bio-Medical Engineering: Biomedical Engineering is the application of engineering principles and techniques to the medical field. This field seeks to close the gap between engineering and medicine: It combines the design and problem solving skills of engineering with medical and biological sciences to improve healthcare diagnosis, monitoring and therapy.
A Biomedical Engineering course educates a student on how to gain technical expertise in biology and medicine simultaneously and contribute effectively in the development and improvement of healthcare solutions. This unique field encompasses bio-instrumentation, bio-materials, bio-mechanics, medical imaging, genetic engineering, orthopedic surgery cellular and tissue engineering, etc.
Biomedical engineers device artificial organs like kidneys, pacemakers, sophisticated therapeutic and surgical devices like magnetic resonance imaging machine, laser system for eyes and more.

Bio-Technology: Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine.Biotechnology also means any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use.
Bio-Technology is a combination of Biology and Technology and related to research science. Subjects that are covered under this technology such as Biochemistry, Genetics, Microbiology, Virology, Immunology, Engineering and Chemistry. More subjects related are also included such as Animal Husbandry and Agriculture, Medicine and Health, Crop Management and Cropping system, Ecology, Cell Biology, Bio-statistics, Soil science and Soil Conservation, Seed Technology , Plant Physiology, etc. Living things such as bacteria and cells in the industrial process are used in the biotechnology.
A biotechnologist has scientific aptitude and interest in the al the sciences related to this technology. Biologist should be patient and methodical by the nature, should work neatly and correctly and have a talent for the laboratory related work

Book publishing: The innate nature of human beings continuously instigates them to seek knowledge and books being the primary medium of gaining and disseminating knowledge for ages, career opportunities in the book publishing industry abounds.
The emergence of “knowledge economy” has added significant value to those who seek to pursue a career in book publishing industry.
Are you the proverbial bookworm who laps up the first chance to curl up with a good book? Do you desire that one day other people too enjoy reading your books? If the answer is in the affirmative, a career as a publisher is right for you.
Moreover the books published in India find a market not only in India but also in abroad. The increasing readership of books published in India has thus helped in the growth of career opportunities book publishing.

Business Process Outsourcing (BPO): Business Process Outsourcing is one of the fastest growing industries in the present scenario. BPO refers to outsourcing in all the major fields of business.
Business process outsourcing (BPO) is a subset of outsourcing that involves the contracting of the operations and responsibilities of specific business functions (or processes) to a third-party service provider. Originally, this was associated with manufacturing firms, such as Coca Cola that outsourced large segments of its supply chain.[1] In the contemporary context, it is primarily used to refer to the outsourcing of services.
BPO is typically categorized into back office outsourcing – which includes internal business functions such as human resources or finance and accounting, and front office outsourcing – which includes customer-related services such as contact center services.
BPO that is contracted outside a company’s country is called offshore outsourcing. BPO that is contracted to a company’s neighboring (or nearby) country is called nearshore outsourcing.
Due to the fact that BPOs are paying decent five-figure salaries and incentives, a career in this field has become a hit among the youngsters aged between 18 and 30 years. According to the latest NASSCOM statistics, more than 1.1 million people in India are working in the BPO industry, which is expected to increase to 2.5 to 3 million by the year 2010. Convenient transport facilities, attractive lifestyle, flexibility in work timings and whopping salary package have led to this boom.
As a result, many institutes have started imparting training to develop special skills required for the job, such as proficiency in spoken English, speech, accent and voice modulation, negotiation with clients, marketing skills and communication skills, through short-term diploma or certificate courses.

Cartoonist: Cartoonist is a person who conveys his/her thoughts, feelings and ideas through cartoons. Cartoons are considered as pieces of art, which wrap creativity and convey a message through the picture. They are drawn with the motive of generating hilarity and fun, at the same time; make the viewer think about the matter depicted by the image. Cartoonists have a variety of subjects to draw on. They can pick any subject, ranging from the serious ones like political criticisms or even the funny ones, such as those drawn for comic cartoon strips in newspapers. A cartoonist needs to be innovative and dedicated towards the job. He/she should be a creative thinker. A cartoonist also needs to be a good observer. He/she should be a blend of intellect and innovation.
He/she should possess analytical as well as artistic skills. A good cartoon replaces the words and communicates an intense thought with ease and incorporating humor element in it.

DJ (Disc Jockey): Disc jockey or DJ is a person who entertains the crowd of a discotheque, party or an event by playing music. Apart from night club/discotheque, DJs are also hired for entertaining the guests of auspicious occasions such as wedding, engagement, birthday party or any other social gathering.
A professional disc jockey is expected to have knowledge of different genre of music, such as country, jazz, rock, melody etc., and should know the techniques of combining and merging different types of music, by making use of software.
A disc jockey needs to understand the popular demand of the people, whom he/she is entertaining through music. Moreover, he/she should also possess good communication skills, should be punctual and comfortable at working for many hours at a stretch. A disc jockey always needs to keep in mind that his/her good work can bring lot of opportunities to him/her, as people would recommend his/her name to others. It is a job where one can enjoy while performing his/her task, at the same time, earn a lot of money.
Disc jockeys (DJs) present, mix and link recorded music for a live or radio audience. They use a wide variety of equipment varying in complexity including turntables and mixers; tape decks; amplifiers and headphones; graphic equalisers; lighting effects; and multimedia and sound processors.

VJ (Video Jockey): Video Jockey or VJ is a person, who entertains the television viewers through witty anchoring and presentation. He/she is expected to entertain the audience with the capability of keeping them hooked on to the television.
A VJ could be the anchor of a musical phone-in program, a talk show or even a reality show where he/she shoots outdoors and interacts with the layman. A video jockey has to entertain viewers by conveying messages, showing videos, songs etc. and interacting with them in the most interesting manner. A good video jockey should be passionate, vibrant, excited to learn more, energetic, amiable and should have a reservoir of knowledge on his/her subject.
The person should also have a good sense of humor. The most important aspect of video jockeying is to be confident in front of the camera and make the conversation or interaction lively. A video jockey not only has to perform in front of the camera, but also actively involve in the pre-production work, which includes choosing the theme of the program, deciding the songs to be played and even preparing the script.
Video jockey should possess skills, like they need to be confident to face the camera, one should have good vocabulary, should have good personality, good knowledge of music, should know to deal with sound equipment and computers and should be enthusiastic.

Commercial Pilot: Commercial Pilot Courses offer the students a perfect platform to prepare for a challenging career in the aviation sector. These courses involve extensive training and comprise of several steps before one can become a certified commercial pilot. At present there are quite a number of institutes that offer commercial pilot training courses in India.
The duration of these courses is generally for a period of 2 to three years. Prior to starting the commercial pilot training, one has to get a Student Pilot License (SPL). For this purpose, students should also join training programs for getting Private Pilot License (PPL). Following the PPL, they have to undergo a 190 hours of flying training needed for acquiring a Commercial Pilot’s License (CPL).

Foreign Languages: There are many areas and jobs where knowledge of foreign language is crucial for the growth and success of one’s career.
1) Airlines Ticket, airlines reservation, ministry of external affairs, tour guide, international hotel manager, customs and immigration.
2) As a peace corps and visa worker, import and export agent, international journalist, flight attendant tour organizer, foreign language teacher, translator, linguist, travel agent.
3) Besides France and germen language other language like Spanish, Italian , Dutch, Russian are also in demand. These foreign language learner are required by the it and the off shoring industry, mainly for the kind of jobs requiring collection of information and working on foreign language documents, voice based tasks, transactions and migration processes, quality management jobs and other documents outputs jobs.
4) As in customs, multinational firms, translation services, united nation government department and intelligence agencies.
5) Airline hotels, resorts , radio tv industry, immigration are gallery.
The globalisation, privatisation and the multinational companies have opened up job opportunities for proficient in foreign language. foreign language professional are finding opportunities more than mealy a translator. in addition to those skills if someone have intercultural and international knowledge, exposure and experience, he can achieve great height in his career.

Hotel Management: The ongoing liberalization of trade and opening up of economy has lead to revolutionary growth in hotel sector. Moreover the recent measures taken in promotion of tourism and rapid industrial growth have further given a boost the hoteliering because hotel industry is a closely linked one to the tourism industry.
With increasing growth in this sector career opportunities are also growing day by day. Now the field is not limited within the country but has already extended to internationally operated chains of hotels. The result is increase in the demand of well trained quality professional people who can manage the hotel business.
Therefore the demand for Hotel Management as a professional course is growing in the country. The diversity of experience in hotel management is greater than in any other profession. Courses in Hotel Management often referred to as Hospitality Management, is offered in many renowned institutes. Hotel Management Course includes varied aspects of learning, both theoretical and practical.

Film Editing: Editing is an integral part of film making. Film editing can be defined as a process of selecting the scenes and combining them in sequence, in order to make a motion picture. Sometimes, film editing is referred to as an invisible art, because viewers are generally unaware of the work of a film editor. There are three stages of film editing. These are the editor’s cut, director’s cut and the final cut. Apart from concentrating on these three stages, a film editor has to keep a check on the different criteria, such as emotion, story, rhythm, audience focus of interest, two dimensional plane of the screen and three dimensional space of action, while editing. Film editing has become a money-spinning job, thanks to the increasing demand for skilled film editors in the entertainment industry. Keeping this in mind, many institutes that have been offering courses in different branches of film making have started conducting courses for becoming film editors as well.

Photo Journalism: Photo Journalism is a form of journalism, wherein the person clicks, develops and submits images relevant to a news story. Initially, the term ‘photojournalism’ was restricted to still photography.
Scope of Photo Journalism has now broaden and in the present time, photo journalists even shoot videos to come up with a good news item/feature a craze commonly seen in citizen journalism. Photojournalism is not merely about taking the best shots, but also how to click news worthy photographs, in accordance with the interest of the reader.
Generally, the work of a photojournalist is quite equivalent to a reporter, except the fact that a photo journalist doesnt gather, write and report news stories. To become a successful photojournalist, one should have thorough knowledge about the three principles of photo journalism – timeliness, objectivity and narrative. They should be able to use modern tools like digital camera, camera phones and laptops in order to develop photographs.

Screenplay Writing: Screenplay can be defined as a written document that consists of the story of a film or a television program. Through screenplay, one can describe every visual and behavioral ingredient that is required to justify a story.
All the work of a director, cast, editor and production team revolves around the screenplay or the script. Therefore, script should be written in comprehensive and clear manner by the scriptwriter, so that every member of the team (in a film or a television program) can get an idea of the story.
There are two important components of writing a screenplay – action and dialogue. Action is written in present tense, where as dialogues are written for the characters of the film/television’s serial/tele-film.
So, screenplay or scriptwriting depends on the mind and judgment of a scriptwriter. Screenplay writing has emerged as a beneficial job, because success of a motion picture largely lies in its screen play.

Sound Engineering: Sound engineering, a branch of Audio science, is a career for those who love music and wish to be a part of this industry. Sound Engineering is all about capturing sound, recording, copying, editing, mixing and reproducing sound using electronic and mechanical devices. It involves both production and post production tasks. Set-up to the actual recording may be included into Production.

Video Editing: Video editing is all about creation of video/footage derived from various sources and selection and rearrangement of its fragments, in order to construct a meaningful visual. It is an important material of creation work in electronic media. Video editing has emerged as a beneficial career option, due to the increasing popularity of the audio-visual media.
The artistic beauty of the final product depends on the talent and proficiency of the video editor. Video editor should be a vibrant person. The job requires lot of persistence and keenness towards work. Each and every details must be exists in the video by a video editor. He/she should be a logically skilled and creative, who needs to revise his/her knowledge constantly and should possess a logical and critical mind. He/she should be able to imagine what is in the mind of the producer/director of the show.

Computer Science Engineering: Computer Science or Information Technology is the fastest accelerating career field in the India. Everyday there are thousands of available Computer Science positions available for freshers. Receive a degree in Computer Science or take an accelerated fast track course in a particular Computer Science Curriculum like Microsoft MCSE, MCSD, Cisco CCNA, .Net, or A+, etc.
Now a days, computers are used in almost every aspect of our lives, it comes to our home as a affordable and useful luxury. Computers are used in many fields like car engines, microwave ovens, watches, telephones etc. It is also used as mainframe computers in government and industry and supercomputers expanding the leading adge of science and technology.
As a result, the computer industry is one of the fastest rising segments of our economy. Now, there is a demand for trained and skilled professionals with the scientific and technical training necessary to perform effectively on the job.

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How to plan your career

As soon as a young child comes out of school he is confronted with the problem of choosing which is the most appropriate stream of studies for him to study further i.e. Humanities, Non-Medical, Medical, Commerce, Arts, Agriculture, Vocational trades etc. This decision will set limit for his future choice of career. Leaving aside some common overlapping fields of occupations he is left with the option to make a choice of his career from the fields of occupations covered under that stream of education only. Therefore, such choice of stream must be right one so that he will not have to regret for a wrong choice later on. Thus, this exercise of choice has assumed very great significance in his life.

Of course, you as a parent will pool your all resources to best guide your child in an effort to make most suitable choice for him. You will also elicit the help of his teachers as well as known persons and your relatives. Your combined efforts may lead to a realistic choice of course which will ultimately take him to enter an occupation of that field but it is also possible that in absence of most reliable scientific psychological data about your child, your child may make a decision which may turn out to be an unrealistic one. If your child is very bright and his targeted career is below his potentials it is termed as an unrealistic choice. Similarly, if your child has middle level abilities but his choice of career needs higher level of abilities such a choice will also be considered an unrealistic one. Hence, your child needs assistance of an expert to steer him out of such problematic situations in order to make a right choice. In case, such help is not forthcoming readily you may follow some of the suggestions listed below to arrive at an appropriate choice of courses of further studies in order to make him an efficient employable person in life.

Are you aware about the correct usage of the term career which is being discussed here? If you already know, it is fine, but some of you may still desire to know it. Let it be defined first of all as this term is interchanged with terms like job, occupation, calling and vocation. Let us start with clear understanding of the term “CAREER”.

Occupational psychology defines career as a ladder of occupations showing your upward mobility (in certain cases downward mobility). After completion of targeted education you will join an initial occupation and will go on further through out your working life passing through one occupation to another. This process is termed as your ‘career’.

What is Career Planning?

Career planning is a process of deciding your ideal and an appropriate career based upon your course of studies, which rightly commensurate with your basic aptitudes, work preferences; Need to Achieve (n Ach), personality traits and work style based on your acquired skills, self confidence, attitudes, adjustment level and emotional intelligence levels etc.

What does Career Planning Process Constitute?

1. The first step in career planning is to gain a better understanding of your basic aptitudes, intrinsic interests (work prefereances) , n ‘ach (need achievement), personality and its traits, self confidence, adjustment status and psychological hurdles affecting careers. You will benefit by using testing batteries of these factors. So apply different types of Career Inventories, also known as Tests to assist you.

Hence you have to:

Find out your career related aptitudes.
Sort out matching fields of course of future studies, which commensurate with your aptitudes.
On the basis of your aptitudes’ results discover occupations that match your courses of
studies and other competencies.
Try to know how you will adjust:-
to people working in such careers;
i. related circumstances and demands of your aptitudes to execute it; preferences in such occupation;
iii.personality traits which facilitate in such occupation;
iv.other competencies needed in your work environments;
v.and visualize whether these adjustments will result in ‘stresses or satisfaction’.
Work out transferable skills as well and accomplishments so that alternative line can be taken in case of readjustment to changing situations.
Know your emotional intelligence levels as it is an indicator of success in your career.

2. The second step involves the analysis of collected and compiled occupational information about occupational options suggested by the results of your test results. This step will cover:-

Working environment and conditions.
Training, other qualifications.
Advancement opportunities.
Employment trends.
Future job outlook.
Compensation and related occupations.
Other incentives.

3. The third step involves decision making. You have to develop a career plan in consultation with Career Counsellor keeping in mind the data so far collected. Take the assistance of experienced Career Counsellor.

4. The fourth step is to execute the career plan by undergoing the course of studies related to your choice. Take effective steps if any readjustment is warranted to carry out your Career Planning. There are significant factors which play prominent role in career development. The details about some of such important factors needs clarifications to understand their roles properly which are listed to update your understanding. Role of Aptitudes, Need to Achieve (n ‘Ach), Personality, Self-confidence, Adjustment, Emotional Intelligence, Work Preferences and Psychological Hurdles in career development.

Aptitudes: Your aptitudes are pointer to your symptomatic future performances. They determine the attainment levels as well as types of activities you are capable of doing. The modern research studies have established that there are nine independent basic aptitudes which are needed in execution of every occupation. Of course, every occupation requires different levels of these nine aptitudes. Their determination is finalized through multiple cut off technique. Researches have also determined the levels of aptitudes needed for almost every occupation. Career Counsellors have to find out the levels of these aptitudes of the individuals and match them with those of various occupations to find most suitable careers for them. Out of which they can exercise their final choices keeping in mind their individual preferences as well as market trends concerning such career. The nine basic aptitudes which are tested on General Aptitude Testing Battery are Intelligence coded as ‘G’, Verbal Aptitude coded as ‘V’, Numerical Aptitude coded as ‘N’, Spatial Aptitude coded as ‘S’, Form Perception coded as ’P’, Clerical Perception coded as ‘P’, Motor Co-Ordination coded as ‘K’, Finger Dexterity coded as ‘F’ and Manual Dexterity coded as ‘M’. Need to Achieve (n ‘Ach) contribution in career development is very paramount. In its measurement the following three aspects are covered using projective techniques:

To succeed in competition with some standard of excellence (example: I am preparing for

i. examination and hope to stand first in it).
Unique achievement (example: Ram is busy in bringing out the details of production of
nuclear energy and has succeeded in inventing a new machine).
Long term involvement (example: I am preparing for pre-medical classes and I want to
ii. become a very good doctor).

Personality and personality traits: Your personality patterns will also be a deciding factor in selection of your choice. Whether you are emotionally liable or a balanced person will go a long way in deciding the career matching your personality. Extrovert persons are preferred in careers involving people interactions. Introverts are considered more suitable where fewer interactions with people are required. Neurotic patterns of personality are generally more suitable where quick actions are needed. These are prominent dimensions of your personality will make career a success if it matches with requirements of a given occupation otherwise may lead to problems in its execution. Now-a-days personality make up carries considerable weight in selection process. Personality measurement is done through Personality Inventories as well as through projective techniques.

Self-Confidence: It has been observed that lack of self-confidence is prominent cause of failures even though you are able and shining in the academic world. The quality of mind or spirit will enable you to face difficulties is indicator of your level of self-confidence. Generally lack of competence, secret-maintaining, physical disabilities, guilt and inferiority feelings as well as negative attitudes are responsible for low confidence. Overcome these weaknesses to built-up your self-confidence.

Adjustment: Good, very good, excellent or poor adjustment status in areas of emotional, social and educational field will smoothen or hinder your success in educational attainments as well as in social and career developments. It will go long way if you make better adjustment in your emotional, social and educational areas of life. Consult a counsellor in case you need improvement in any of these areas of life for promotion or success.

Emotional intelligence covers:

Your self-awareness.

a.Management of your emotions.
b.Your Self Motivation .
c.Recognizing emotions in other persons.
d.Handling relations competencies.
e.The recent studies have pointed out that emotional competencies were twice as important in contributing “EXCELLENCE” in you as were your pure “INTELLECT” and expertise. In contribution to excellence of a person it has been pointed by studies that cognitive (intellectual) capacities were about 27% more frequent on outstanding stars (persons) than average persons while greater strengths in emotional competencies’ were 53% more frequent in them.

The above reference will clear your understanding that emotional intelligence (E.Q.) is of paramount importance in giving better performances in your lives hence, while career planning get assessed your E.Q. to evaluate your chances of success in your career.

Work Preferences: The work preferences are associated with occupations. The most preferred work preferences for different occupations have been worked out for the available occupations. The aptitude levels and work preferences are taken into consideration for deciding suitable occupations you are capable of doing through multi cut off procedure.

Psychological Hurdles: During the long period of career counseling I have observed that young people suffer from different types of psychological hurdles. Prominent among them are ‘lack of knowledge of aptitudes and related fields of careers’, ‘lack of concentration’, ‘feelings of depressions’ as a result of stresses and strains they have to face constantly, ‘lack of self-confidence and motivation’, ‘uncontrolled temper’, ’ nervousness’, ‘sexual conflicts’, ‘inferiority feelings’ ‘fears and worries about financial support’, and ‘parental indifference and lack of rapport with them’ as well as problem of ‘how to study properly’ were found to be very common. Such hurdles contribute negatively in educational achievements which effect in their admissions to courses for which they will be otherwise suitable. It will be in their interest to take any step to minimize them in case they are victim to any of such psychological hurdles.

Chance Factors: You must not ignore the chance factors in your career plan. The best career plan sometimes may not meet its desired goals owing to factors beyond your control like war-breakouts, natural calamities in addition to dynamic technological developments. Such eventualities will result in creation of new avenue and at the same time restrict expansion in existing career fields. It does not mean that you just leave your career plan to chance but plan your career in more dynamic style to the best possible way while keeping all suggestions described so far in mind.

To Sum up it is useful to analyze yourself in the process of career planning before hand. After having made a study of the occupations you are endowed to carry out, you would like to make a thorough study of your own self i.e. your mental and physical abilities, work preferences (interests), personality make- up, aptitudes, attitudes, emotional intelligence/emotional awareness, other relevant traits and aspirations keeping your family financial background in view. All such factors will determine your capacity to pursue a particular course of studies, your success in it and happiness in the chosen career. Your abilities set limit to your success, which you will attain in the initial occupation as well as in your entire career thereafter. It will be in order to know that some occupations demand special types of physical abilities i.e., abilities to undertake hazardous work or long rounds of walking active movements of limbs, physical clearness, co-ordination of eye and hands etc. Hence, it is suggested that you must be aware of your physical strengths and weaknesses in case you want to avoid wastage of energy in un-necessary pursuits.

During my career counseling work during the last about forty years it has been observed that several young men and women after several years of hard labour find themselves medically unfit to enter into their targeted occupation. You can well imagine the quantum of wastage of time, energies, and financial resources of such persons. It is advisable to get yourself medical examined and match your medical data with that of targeted occupation if it is essential to pass the medically standard attach to such occupations.

Who knows what great opportunities you might miss because of your graduating late on account of faulty career planning? What is the appropriate way to avoid such eventualities? Of course, you would conclude that had I planned my career at the proper time and in the right way I could have possibly avoided such unpleasant situations. It will be convenient for you to plan your career in consultation with an experienced counsellor.

About Author:
Dr. S. S. Chadha (M.A. (Psychology), Dip. In Edu. Voc. Guidance had done doctorate work in the field of ‘Career Aspirations’. He has more than 40 years of experience in career counseling field. At present he is running Career Counseling Centre at # 2083, Sector 15-C, Chandigarh-160015

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Why Exercising Is Important

Have you ever heard the expression “use it or lose it”? It’s true! If you don’t use your body, you will surely lose it. Your muscles will become flabby and weak. Your heart and lungs won’t function efficiently. And your joints will be stiff and easily injured. Inactivity is as much of a health risk as smoking!

Helps Prevent Diseases

Our bodies were meant to move — they actually crave exercise. Regular exercise is necessary for physical fitness and good health. It reduces the risk of heart disease, cancer, high blood pressure, diabetes and other diseases. It can improve your appearance and delay the aging process.

Improves Stamina

When you exercise, your body uses energy to keep going. Aerobic exercise involves continuous and rhythmic physical motion, such as walking and bicycling. It improves your stamina by training your body to become more efficient and use less energy for the same amount of work. As your conditioning level improves, your heart rate and breathing rate return to resting levels much sooner from strenuous activity.

Strengthens and Tones

Exercising with weights and other forms of resistance training develops your muscles, bones and ligaments for increased strength and endurance. Your posture can be improved, and your muscles become more firm and toned. You not only feel better, but you look better, too!

Enhances Flexibility

Stretching exercises are also important for good posture. They keep your body limber so that you can bend, reach and twist. Improving your flexibility through exercise reduces the chance of injury and improves balance and coordination. If you have stiff, tense areas, such as the upper back or neck, performing specific stretches can help “loosen” those muscles, helping you feel more relaxed.

Controls Weight

Exercise is also a key to weight control because it burns calories. If you burn off more calories than you take in, you lose weight. It’s as simple as that.

Improves Quality of Life

Once you begin to exercise regularly, you will discover many more reasons why exercise is so important to improving the quality of your life. Exercise reduces stress, lifts moods, and helps you sleep better. It can keep you looking and feeling younger throughout your entire life.

How Often Should I Exercise?

The benefits of any exercise program will diminish if it’s disrupted too frequently. A “stop-start” routine is not only ineffective, but can cause injuries. Being consistent with exercise, therefore, is probably the most important factor in achieving desired results.

People often assume that more is better. Wrong! Doing too much too soon or performing intense exercises on a daily basis will have deleterious effects, such as muscle/tendon strains, loss of lean tissue, and fitness-level plateaus.

If you are a beginner, start off slower than you think you should. Three days per week is realistic, safe and effective. If you are experienced, do cardiovascular (aerobic) exercises such as walking, jogging and bicycling for no more than 200 minutes per week with no more than 60 minutes per session.

Weight training should be done no more than three times per week targeting the same muscle groups. Exercise the same muscle groups on non-consecutive days because muscles need adequate time to recover and cannot be effectively trained if they are tired or sore.

Many people forget to stretch or make the excuse that they don’t have the time. Flexibility is important, so make the time! Stretching can be done every day, but stick to a minimum of three times per week in order to reap the benefits. When the body is warmed up, such as after a workout session, perform five to 10 stretches that target the major muscle groups. Hold each stretch for 10-30 seconds.


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Pleasures Of Reading

Reading is to mind while exercise is to the body. “A man may as well expect to grow stronger by always eating as wiser by always reading.”

But why do we really need to read? “Reading sweeps the cobwebs away.” What does this means? “Reading enhances thinking. It stretches and strains our mental muscles. It hits our narrow, delicate, intolerant views with new ideas and strong facts. It stimulates growing up instead of growing old.

In other words, reading develops us. It scratches those itches down deep inside. It takes us through virgin territory we would not otherwise discover.

There are three classifications of reader: simple reader, gentle reader and intelligent reader.

The Simple reader is an ordinary book consumer who read to make use of his spare time. Without any definite purpose, more often than not he does not read a book the second time.

The Gentle reader, who wants to grow and who turns to books as a means of purifying his tastes depends his feelings, broadening his sympathies and enhancing his joy in life. He reads not from a constraint of fashion of learning, but from a thirst of pleasure. Such enjoyment re-establish the heart and quickens it, makes it stronger to endure the ills of life and more fertile in all good fruits of courage, love and cheerfulness.

The Intelligent reader is the particular type of reader whose aim in reading is to obtain better acquaintance with facts. His greatest desire is to learn about things and he treasures books because of the accuracy of information they contain.

To become a good reader, here are some pointers.

– Maintain a healthful routine. This means that to read at your best, you must be in good physical condition. Most of us read only when we are stranded in an island or when we. are confined in the hospital.

– When reading avoid unnecessary distractions. Some people we know have trained themselves to read in noisy surroundings. Most persons, however, find it easier to read in a disturbing sights and sounds.

– Have a clear objective for your reading. Why do you read? And why do you read that kind of book? When you turn the printed page, you should have a clear purpose for reading in mind. Just saying the word’s silently while your mind is elsewhere, or when you have no goal for your reading, is a waste of time.

– Get into the habit of reading widely. You can improve your reading ability only by reading abundantly. Get into the habit of reading a great deal. You may start with light materials – with a popular magazine, a daily newspaper, or a book of easy short stories.

Find time to discover the richness of reading. Reading can make you rich in mind and soul. Try reading, you’ll enjoy it!


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Reading To A Baby

You may wonder about the benefits of reading to your baby. Clearly an infant can’t understand what you’re doing or why. But you wouldn’t wait until your child could understand what you were saying before you started speaking to him or her, right? And you wouldn’t bypass lullabies until your baby could carry a tune or wait until he or she could shake a rattle before you offered any toys.

Reading aloud to your baby is a wonderful shared activity you can continue for years to come — and it’s an important form of stimulation.

Reading aloud:

– teaches a baby about communication
– introduces concepts such as numbers, letters, colors, and shapes in a fun way
– builds listening, memory, and vocabulary skills
– gives babies information about the world around them

Believe it or not, by the time babies reach their first birthday they will have learned all the sounds needed to speak their native language. The more stories you read aloud, the more words your child will be exposed to and the better he or she will be able to talk. Hearing words helps to imprint them on a baby’s brain. Kids whose parents frequently talk/read to them know more words by age 2 than children who have not been read to. And kids who are read to during their early years are more likely to learn to read at the right time.

When reading, your child hears you using many different emotions and expressive sounds, which fosters social and emotional development. Reading also invites your baby to look, point, touch, and answer questions — all of which promote social development and thinking skills. And your baby improves language skills by imitating sounds, recognizing images, and learning words.

But perhaps the most important reason to read aloud is that it makes a connection between the things your baby loves the most — your voice and closeness to you — and books. Spending time reading to your baby shows that reading is a skill worth learning.


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Book Highlight

Told in diary form by an irresistible heroine, this playful and perceptive novel from the New York Times bestselling author of the May Bird trilogy sparkles with science, myth, magic, and the strange beauty of the everyday marvels we sometimes forget to notice.

Spirited, restless Gracie Lockwood has lived in Cliffden, Maine, her whole life. She’s a typical girl in an atypical world: one where sasquatches helped to win the Civil War, where dragons glide over Route 1 on their way south for the winter (sometimes burning down a T.J. Maxx or an Applebee’s along the way), where giants hide in caves near LA and mermaids hunt along the beaches, and where Dark Clouds come for people when they die.

To Gracie it’s all pretty ho-hum…until a Cloud comes looking for her little brother Sam, turning her small-town life upside down. Determined to protect Sam against all odds, her parents pack the family into a used Winnebago and set out on an epic search for a safe place that most people say doesn’t exist: The Extraordinary World. It’s rumored to lie at the ends of the earth, and no one has ever made it there and lived to tell the tale. To reach it, the Lockwoods will have to learn to believe in each other—and to trust that the world holds more possibilities than they’ve ever imagined.

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